what is the wikipedia definition:Capacity building capacity development is the process by which individuals and organizations obtain, improve, and retain the skills, knowledge, tools, equipment and other resources needed to do their jobs competently or to a greater capacity (larger scale, larger audience, larger impact, etc).
The need for capacity building
With all good intentions of the powers that be of the Indian Education system some good changes have been implemented in the curriculum. Although it is still not a subject which the school or the students give a hoot about, but its inclusion gives us hope. However, from here we need to progress towards Capacity Building in Education.
The need is not just the growth of one aspect of the student, but the complete growth of his body and mind. Sports in India has been dominated by cricket of course, but the success of some sportspeople like Sania Mirza, Saina Nehwal, Mary Kom just to name a few females and a long list of males, the Indian parents are waking up to the fact that sports can be a career too. The career oriented Indians are more interested in the money their sons and daughters will make rather than if they will be happy or not for the rest of their lives. This has now given them an option to explore other options other than the usual doctor, engineer and pilot fields. The need now has arisen for the capacity building of a child rather than just studies and sports.
What is capacity building? Before we tackle this subject of we must first understand it. It is development of skills, instincts, abilities and resources that are needed to survive, adapt, and thrive in a fast-changing world. You will find it the term usually used with reference to organizational and collective capacities.
Individual capacity building includes personality development, which itself contains a whole array of skill and traits building. Self-assessment is also needed for students to become more confident individuals. They need to be taught to set goals for themselves. This way they can challenge themselves and learn to make the effort and acquire the resources to complete their targets. At the same time they learn to evaluate their tasks at the end so they learn what they did right if the target was achieved and what went wrong if they fell short.
The most important result of this effort should be engaging the student in studies rather than imposing a burden of competition. Engagement helps in retention of students and lower drop-out rates thereby improving the overall performance of a school. Other Look up : capacity building for individuals Community capacity building often refers to strengthening the skills, competencies and abilities of people and communities in small businesses and local grassroots movements so they can achieve their goals and potentially overcome the causes of their exclusion and suffering.
- Individual level – Community capacity-building on an individual level requires the development of conditions that allow individual participants to build and enhance knowledge and skills. It also calls for the establishment of conditions that will allow individuals to engage in the “process of learning and adapting to change”.
- Institutional level – Community capacity building on an institutional level should involve aiding institutions in developing countries. It should not involve creating new institutions, rather modernizing existing institutions and supporting them in forming sound policies, organizational structures, and effective methods of management and revenue control.
- Societal level – Community capacity building at the societal level should support the establishment of a more “interactive public administration that learns equally from its actions and from feedback it receives from the population at large.” Community capacity building must be used to develop public administrators that are responsive and accountable.
- Who is wakely
- Human resource development defined as “the process of equipping people with the understanding and skills, and access to the information and knowledge to perform effectively”, and is where Wakely believes too much emphasis and efforts are focused here
- New philosophies that promoted empowerment and participation, like Paulo Freire‘s Education for Critical Consciousness (1973), which emphasized that education, could not be handed down from an omniscient teacher to an ignorant student; rather it must be achieved through the process of a dialogue among equals.
Capacity building as path to sustainable development
- Conducting Training Need Assessment (TNA) : Look up
Isomorphic mimicryOne approach that some developing countries have attempted to foster capacity building is through isomorphic mimicry. Similar to the concept of mimetic isomorphism used in organizational theory, isomorphic mimicry refers to the tendency of government to mimic other governments’ successes by replicating methods and policy designs deemed successful in other countries. While such an approach can be effective for solving certain development problems that have “a universal technical solution”, it often ignores the political and organizational realities on the ground and produces little benefits to those using it